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Summary of the key recommendations of the UNEP report

Summary of the key recommendations of the UNEP report

July 2016 - Recent Developments to Implement UNEP Report Recommendations

SPDC welcomes the recent announcement by the Minister of Environment, Amina Mohammed that President Buhari has approved the inauguration of a 13-person Governing Council and a 10-person Board of Trustees for the implementation of the UNEP Report in Ogoniland.

SPDC welcomes the leadership shown by President Buhari in prioritising the implementation of the UNEP Report recommendations. This includes actions taken so far in the last six months by his administration led by the Minister of Environment.

SPDC remains committed to contributing its share of the ERF as recommended by UNEP and will work with all stakeholders to finalise the appropriate governance and funding structures and play its part in the government-led implementation process.

The UNEP Environmental Assessment of Ogoniland

The United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) released its Environmental Assessment of Ogoniland in August 2011. The report was commissioned by and delivered to the Federal Government of Nigeria. It makes recommendations to the government, the oil and gas industry and communities to begin a comprehensive cleanup of Ogoniland, restore polluted environments and put an end to all forms of ongoing oil contamination in the region.

Restoring Ogoniland

UNEP assessed that the environmental restoration of Ogoniland would require coordinated efforts on the part of government agencies at all levels, industry operators and communities. UNEP also presented its recommendations as a major opportunity to bring new investment, employment opportunities and a culture of cooperation to Ogoniland in addition to driving improvements in the environmental and health situation on the ground.

Multi-stakeholder response

The majority of UNEP’s recommendations require multi-stakeholder efforts coordinated by the Federal Government. The Shell Petroleum Development Company of Nigeria Limited (SPDC), as operator of the SPDC Joint Venture, is one of the stakeholders addressed in the UNEP report, although it has not produced oil or gas in Ogoniland since 1993. SPDC has initiated and progressed action to implement all of the recommendations directed to it as operator of the SPDC JV in the UNEP report. In some cases further progress is dependent on outstanding actions to be taken by other stakeholders.


As the UNEP report stated, treating the problem of environmental contamination within Ogoniland merely as a technical clean-up exercise will ultimately lead to failure. Ensuring long-term sustainability is a much bigger challenge – one that will require coordinated and collaborative action from all stakeholders.

To this end, the UNEP report also calls for a coordinated effort between government, oil and gas companies and communities to bring an end to theft and illegal crude oil refining. Communities are urged to take a proactive stand against individuals and groups engaged in these activities. Crude oil theft, sabotage and illegal refining are the main sources of pollution in the Niger Delta.

Frequently Asked Questions on the UNEP Report

Frequently asked questions on the UNEP environmental assessment of Ogoniland